Acceso gestor editorial

Critical overview of current anthropometric methods in comparison with a new index to make early detection of overweight in spanish university students: the normalized weight-adjusted index

Guillermo Doménech-asensi , Carlos Gómez-gallego , Gaspar Ros-berruezo , Francisco Javier García-alonso , Manuel Canteras-jordana

Resumen

Background: overweight and obesity have been increasing, and university students are an important target for prevention programs. Previous studies have reported differences in the diagnosis between different anthropometric methods, so some students can be misclassified depending on the method used.Objective: to evaluate the efficacy of different anthropometric methods to detect those university students in a probable status of overweight, including a comparison with a new proposed method, the normalized weight-adjusted index (NWAI).Methods: different anthropometric methods (waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, waist-height ratio, body mass index, conicity index, bioimpedance and Brozek, Siri and Heath-Carter equations) were calculated for 505 university students. By k-means cluster analysis, students with higher values according to variables involved in overweight were identified. Parameters of accuracy were calculated by operating characteristic curves.Results: NWAI showed significant correlations with the most used methods. Prevalence of students with body fat excess varied from 5.9% to 48.4% for women and from 8.5% to 49.0% for men depending of the method employed, being demonstrated a great variability between the different methodologies. Body mass index for women and waist circumference for men resulted to be the most accurate methods to detect a probable situation of excess of body fat or cardiovascular risk associated. NWAI resulted also a good alternative for overweight classification.Conclusions: differences between anthropometric methods for overweight and cardiovascular disease risk classification were confirmed. Classical cut-off point may misdiagnose overweight or health risk in Spanish university students depending of the method employed

Palabras Clave


Texto Completo: PDF (ENGLISH)

Artículos Relacionados:

  1. Anthropometry and performance of top youth international male basketball players in spanish national academy
  2. Health-related physical fitness of normal, stunted and overweight children aged 6-14 years in macedonia
  3. Does increasing meal frequency improve weight loss and some biochemical parameters in overweight/obese females?
  4. Cardiorespiratory fitness and fat oxidation during exercise as protective factors for insulin resistance in sedentary women with overweight or obesity
  5. Assessment of individual carotenoid and vitamin a dietary intake in overweight and obese dominican subjects
  6. Irisin is weakly associated with usual physical activity in young overweight women
  7. Body shape as body image determinant in university students
  8. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents in eight arab countries: comparison between two international standards (arabeat-2)
  9. Prevalence of overweight, obesity, abdominal-obesity and short stature of adult population of rosario, argentina
  10. Overweight and the use of psychiatric drugs in patients with mental disorders attended at psychosocial care center, teresina, piauí, brazil
  11. Determinants of childhood obesity: anibes study
  12. Prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity in spain 1993-2011 and associated risk factors in 2011 prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad infa
  13. Dietary patterns, physical activity, body mass index, weight-related behaviours and their interrelationship among romanian university students-trends from 2003 to 2016
  14. Oxygen pulse as a protective factor of insulin resistance in sedentary women with overweight or obesity
  15. Influence of subacute physical exercise on medium- and long-chain fatty acid profile in serum of individuals with overweight


Nº de Visitas: 33
Nº de Descargas: 0

Una cookie o galleta informática es un pequeño archivo de información que se guarda en su navegador cada vez que visita nuestra página web.

La utilidad de las cookies es guardar el historial de su actividad en nuestra página web, de manera que, cuando la visite nuevamente, ésta pueda identificarle y configurar el contenido de la misma en base a sus hábitos de navegación, identidad y preferencias.

Las cookies pueden ser aceptadas, rechazadas, bloqueadas y borradas, según desee. Ello podrá hacerlo mediante las opciones disponibles en la presente ventana o a través de la configuración de su navegador, según el caso.

En caso de que rechace las cookies no podremos asegurarle el correcto funcionamiento de las distintas funcionalidades de nuestra página web.

Más información en el apartado “POLÍTICA DE COOKIES” de nuestra página web.