Acceso gestor editorial

Is plasma selenium correlated to transthyretin levels in critically ill patients?

Renata G.b.o.n Freitas , Roberto Jose Negrão Nogueira , Silvia Maria Franciscato Cozzolino , Ana Carolina Junqueira Vasques , Matthew Thomas Ferreira , Gabriel Hessel

Resumen

Background: Selenium is an essential trace element, but critically ill patients using total parenteral nutrition (PN) do not receive selenium because this mineral is not commonly offered. Threfore, the eval uation of plasma selenium levels is very important for treating or preventing this deficiency. Recent studies have shown that transthyretin may reflect the selenium intake and could be considered a biomarker. However, this issue is still little explored in the literature. Objective: This study aims to investigate the correlation of transthyretin with the plasma selenium of critically ill patients receiving PN. Method: This was a prospective cohort study with 44 patients using PN without selenium. Blood samples were carried out in 3 stages: initial, 7th and 14th day of PN. In order to evaluate the clinical condition and the inflammatory process, albumin, C-reactive protein (CRP), transthyretin, creatinine and HDL cholesterol levels were observed. To assess the selenium status, plasma selenium and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in whole blood were measured. Descriptive analyses were performed and the ANOVA, Mann-Whitney and Spearman’s coefficient tests were conducted; we assumed a significance level of 5%. Results: A positive correlation of selenium with the GPx levels (r = 0.46; p = 0.03) was identified. During two weeks, there was a positive correlation of transthyretin with plasma selenium (r = 0.71; p = 0.05) regardless of the CRP values. Conclusion: Transthyretin may have reflected plasma selenium, mainly because the correlation was verified after the acute phase.

Palabras Clave

Plasma selenium. Glutathione peroxidase. Transthyretin. Critically ill patients.


Texto Completo: PDF (ENGLISH)



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