Acceso gestor editorial

Oxidative damage to proteins related to metals and antioxidant defenses in breastmilk

Patricia Carolina Castillo-castañeda , Ramón Gaxiola-robles , Vanessa Labrada-martagón , Baudilio Acosta Vargas , Lía Celina Méndez-rodríguez , Tania Zenteno-savín

Resumen

Introduction: Breast milk contains molecules needed for the development of children; the integrity and function of these molecules is affected by the presence of pro-oxidants. Protein carbonyls are mainly produced as a result of the interaction of metals with reactive oxygen species (ROS), which may initiate a chain reaction that promotes molecular oxidation. Objective: This study aimed to determine the association between the concentration of protein carbonyls with the concentration of trace elements (lead [Pb], cadmium [Cd] and selenium [Se]), superoxide radical (O2•-) production, and glutathione (GSH) content, as well with the activity of the main antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase [SOD], catalase [CAT], glutathione peroxidase [GPx], glutathione reductase [GR] and glutathione S-transferase [GST]) in breast milk.Methods :In this study 108 transitional milk samples (7-10 days) were analyzed. Antioxidant enzyme activities, O2•-production, protein carbonyl and GSH concentrations were analyzed by spectrophotometry. Trace element concentration was quantified by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Generalized linear modelling was used to assess the relationship between protein carbonyls concentration with oxidative stress indicators and trace elements concentration.Results: Cd and Pb were detected in 21.3 and 55.6% of breast milk samples, respectively. The median concentration of Cd was 0.01 µg L-1 (0.01-3.52 µg L-1) and Pb concentration was 2.61 µg L-1 (0.08-195.20 µg L-1). According to the best-fit model, the main factors contributing to protein carbonyl concentrations were the activity of GPx, GR, and concentration of GSH, Se, Pb and Cd.Conclusions: According to the generalized linear model, the activity of GPx and GR, could help explain protein oxidation induced by Pb and Cd in breast milk.

Palabras Clave

Antioxidants. Breast milk. Protein carbonyls. Trace elements.


Texto Completo: PDF (ENGLISH)



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