Acceso gestor editorial

Epidemiology of home enteral nutrition: an approximation to reality

Rocío Villar Taibo , Miguel Ángel Martinez Olmos , Diego Bellido Guerrero , Alfonso Vidal Casariego , Roberto Peinó García , Aurelio Martís Sueiro , Vanessa Ríos Barreiro , Pilar Cao Sánchez , Reyes Durán Martínez , María José Rodríguez Iglesias , Brígida Rodríguez Blanco , Juan Rojo Valdés

Resumen

Introduction: home enteral nutrition (HEN) has undergone an important development; however, there is a notable lack of information with regard to its incidence and characteristics.Objectives: our aim was to assess the state of HEN in our area.Methods: an observational, prospective study, involving all patients who had initiated HEN in the Nutrition Unit during a year. Epidemiological, functional, and nutritional evolution of the patients was described and incidence of HEN was calculated.Results: HEN incidences totalled 229/100,000 inhabitants/year. The HEN population in our area was characterized by the aged and a high frequency of comorbidity and functional limitations. Neurological and oncological diseases accounted for 50% of indications. The remaining cases were malnourished patients who had received short periods of HEN after hospitalization or a hip fracture. Oral supplements (60%) with standard and hypercaloric formulas were used the most. At baseline, 75% of the patients suffered from malnutrition. During the follow-up, patients showed weight gain (1.6%), an increase in the percentage of normal weight and overweight (from 74% to 82.7%, p = 0.001) and a reduction in pressure ulcers (15.7% vs10.3%, p < 0.001). The median duration of HEN was 8.5 months. Only a quarter of the patients experienced complications (mostly mild gastrointestinal complications); 43.1% had died at the end of the follow-up.Conclusions: in our area, the HEN incidence was much higher than those described in the literature. HEN appears to be a safe therapy with few complications that improves the nutritional status of the patients, even with short periods of administration.

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