Nutrición Hospitalaria 03662 / http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.03662
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Trabajo Original

Higher carbohydrate quality index is associated with better adequate micronutrient consumption in Brazilian women


Leandro Teixeira Cacau, Helena Alves de Carvalho Sampaio, Antônio Augusto Ferreira Carioca, Ilana Nogueira Bezerra, Luis Gonzaga Porto Pinheiro, Paulo Henrique Diógenes Vasques, Dianne Cristina Rocha, Ayana Florencio Meneses, Ana Luiza de Rezende Ferreira Mendes

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Introduction: inadequate consumption of micronutrients is an emerging public health problem that can compromise health. Objectives: to assess whether the quality of dietary carbohydrates is associated with the consumption of 13 micronutrients in a sample of women monitored by the Brazilian Unified Health System. Methods: this cross-sectional study included 648 women monitored by the Brazilian Unified Health System. The association between quality of dietary carbohydrates and adequacy of consumption of 13 micronutrients was investigated using logistic regression models adjusted for potential confounding variables. Results: the consumption of micronutrients increased as the quality of carbohydrates improved. The micronutrients with the highest prevalence of inadequate intake were vitamin A, magnesium, manganese, and thiamine. After adjustments using logistic regression models, women in the third tertile of the carbohydrate quality index were less likely to have an inadequate consumption of magnesium (odds ratio (OR), 0.29; 95 % confidence interval (CI), 0.14-0.59), manganese (OR, 0.32; 95% CI, 0.21-0.49), and copper (OR, 0.22; 95% CI, 0.12-0.37). Conclusions: intake of a higher quality of dietary carbohydrates is associated with improved adequacy in consumption of most micronutrients in women monitored by the Brazilian Unified Health System, especially magnesium, manganese, and copper, after adjustment using regression models.

Palabras Clave: Carbohydrate quality. Micronutrient consumption adequacy. Food consumption. Women's health.



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