Nutrición Hospitalaria 00941 / http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.941
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Menus offered in long-term care homes: quality of meal service and nutritional analysis


Ana Isabel Rodríguez-Rejón, María Dolores Ruiz López, Vincenzo Malafarina, Antonio Puerta, Antonia Zuñiga, Reyes Artacho

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Background: Institutionalization is a risk factor for malnutrition. Low energy intake and/or nutrient deficiencies are considered to be the main causes.Objective: To evaluate the quality of meals and meal service as well as the nutritional value of the main menus (regular menu, menu for diabetics, and pureed menu) offered in three long-term care (LTC) homes located in the metropolitan area of Granada (Spain).Methods: Cross-sectional study. A validated “quality of meals and meal service” set of indicators was applied. The menus were assessed by weighed food records on 14 consecutive days. The results were compared with the dietary reference intakes (DRIs) and the recommended number of servings.Results: Important deficiencies in the quality of meals and meal service have been reported. Average energy varies from 1,788 to 2,124 kcal/day in the regular menus, from 1,687 to 1,924 kcal/day in the menus for diabetics, and from 1,518 to 1,639 kcal/day in the pureed menus. Average protein varied from 71.4 to 75.4 g/day, from 72.6 to 76.1 g/day, and from 50.5 to 54.7 g/day, respectively. None of the menus complied with the recommendations for fiber, potassium, magnesium, iodine, vitamin D, vitamin E, folate, nor for vegetables, fruit, milk products, olive oil, legumes, or nuts. Conclusions: It is necessary to ensure the implementation of regular routines for controlling the quality of meals and meal service as well as the nutritional value of the menus offered in LTC homes.

Palabras Clave: Nursing homes. Elderly. Food services. Food quality. Menu planning. Serving size.



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