Nutrición Hospitalaria 03838 /
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Trabajo Original

Anti-diabetic effects of Inonotus obliquus extract in high fat diet combined streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetic mice

Shanshan Chen, Yuanye Ma, Haojie Li, Hui Lang, Yongchun Li, Jie Wu, Min Zhou, Yingxin He, Yuan Liu, Erfeng Guo

Prepublicado: 2022-09-23
Publicado: 2022-12-12

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Introduction: type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a complex disease affected by lifestyle and genetic factors. Although the drugs currently used to treat T2DM have certain curative effects, they still have some adverse side effects. Therefore, it is urgent to find new effective drugs with few side effects to cure T2DM. Objective: to study the role of Inonotus obliquus (IO) in diabetic model mice. Methods: we used high-fat diet (HFD) combined with streptozocin (STZ) to establish a diabetic mouse model. Mice were divided into non-high-fat diet group (ND), diabetes model group (HFD + STZ) and IO-treated diabetes model group (IO). The mice in the IO group were orally treated with IO (150 mg/kg) at 10 ml/kg for five weeks. Body weight, glucose level, food intake and water consumption, glucose tolerance and insulin tolerance were evaluated in all mice. The pathological sections of liver, kidney and pancreas were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. Results: after IO administration, the blood glucose level, water consumption, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and triacylglycerol (TG) levels of mice decreased. Compared with the HFD + STZ group, the number of normal islet β cells increased and focal necrosis of the liver was significantly reduced in the IO administration group. Conclusions: IO reduced the levels of blood glucose, restored body weight, and enhanced insulin sensitivity along with insulin tolerance and glucose tolerance in diabetic mice. Additionally, IO also reversed HFD and STZ-induced organ injury.

Palabras Clave: Inonotus obliquus. Type 2 diabetic mice. Anti-dyslipidemia. Insulin sensitivity.

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